Lengyel László

I. Theoretical and practical matters concerning innovation systems

One important explanation for the differences to be observed in the acceptance and expansion of the new technical culture may be sought in the divergent socio-economic environments in various countries. It is therefore important systematically to describe the system which basically influences acceptance and usage of the new technology and the efficiency generated by the new technology, i.e. competitiveness.

The efficiency and international competitiveness of the Hungarian economy can thus be improved if institutions capable of promoting technical development are established and reinforced, together with related systems capable of facilitating the creation of novelties and the dissemination of new technologies. Research and its tools make a contribution to this.

I. 1. The field of science, technology and innovation policy:

  • VERINEKT: Competitive integration into the European Research Area: facilitating the cooperation between public sector financed research institutions and the economy
  • Managing uncertainty in science policy (Experience with problems attached to "Managing with uncertainty in science policy")

I. 2. The field of internationalisation and the national innovation system:

  • Private Sector Interaction in the Decision Making Processes of Public Research Policy
  • Globalisation of industrial R&D: the Policy Dimension.
  • MESIAS: The Relationships between Technological Strategies of MNCs and the National Innovation System. Consequences for National and European S&T Policies.
  • The impact of foreign investments on Research & Development in Hungarian industry.
  • Analysis and international comparison of the capability of the Hungarian National Innovation System for disseminating knowledge.

I. 3. The field of information flow and mobility:

  • Brain drain: the emigration flow of qualified scientists
  • Measuring migration within and among the countries of Europe (ENMOB: European network on Human Mobility)

On the playgrounds of the God and the Devil

Regardless of attempts by protestant German and Catholic Polish bishops to reconcile, regardless of Brandt's kneeling in Warsaw, of Germany's support for Poland's membership of NATO and the EU, there is still no reconciliation, and no Europeanisation. Today, we are further from reconciliation than 20 years ago. And there is no Polish-Russian, German-Czech, Romanian-Hungarian or Slovak-Hungarian reconciliation either, let alone Serb-Croat or Serb-Albanian reconciliation. Endless rounds of new wounds.

Laszlo Lengyel: a third nationalist wave?

In countries that have experienced regime changes, an economic crisis could give birth to a third wave of nationalism. The middle classes could find themselves facing an existential threat. People who were winners until now will lose out. Modernisers, those who urge the country in the direction of Europe, people who work in high-tech professions and those who have taken out loans in Swiss franks - they could all lose their jobs, their savings and their networks of contacts.
 
 
 

Laszlo Lengyel: a convincing government, a convincing prime minister

Gabor Fodor and the Free Democrats rejected the Gyurcsany package. They were right in grasping that only one sentence of this programme needed to be taken seriously: "If Parliament does not accept this programme, I will resign." The Socialist Party's leaders have now either to support Gyurcsany and his package, or they have to persuade Gyurcsany to resign from the prime minister ship, remaining party leader until the next congress. The second course of events is in the country's interest: a convincing government with a convincing prime minister.

HVG-Online, 2008. szeptember 1.

English version: HVG-Online, 2008.szeptember 11.

Laszlo Lengyel: The Last Peaceful Days?

Resume: The economic and political crisis of 2008-2010 has had an unexpected impact by calling into question the success of the third wave of democratization in Europe.

Russia in Global Affairs, 24th September 2011

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